What is Periodontal or Gum Disease?

Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. Your gum tissue is not attached to the teeth as high as it may seem. There is a very shallow v-shaped crevice called a sulcus between the tooth and gums.

If you have been told you have periodontal, gum disease, you’re not alone. An estimated 80% of American adults currently have some form of the disease whose symptoms include:

  • Bad breath that won’t go away
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth

Types of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal diseases are classified according to the severity of the disease. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis.

  • Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums.
  • Gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive forms of periodontal disease called periodontitis.

Research has shown that there is an association between periodontal diseases and other chronic inflammatory conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Treating early symptoms may help manage and prevent periodontal disease as well as other inflammatory conditions.